Repository

Here you will find multimedia tools and publications produced by the ABS Capacity Development Initiative, ABioSA and BioInnovation Africa regarding the following topics:

About the three projects

The ABS Capacity Development Initiative

"Fly" with us through 10 years of Access and Benefit-sharing (ABS) capacity building. This multimedia experience includes films, photos and interviews presented to donors, partners and ABS stakeholders during a reception dinner on the occassion of the 10th anniversary of the ABS Initiative at the Thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP-13) in Cancun, Mexico from 4 to 17 December 2016.

ABS compliant biotrade in South(ern) Africa

BioInnovation Africa

About Access and Benefit-sharing (ABS)

The Basics

A short animated video clip to explain ABS and the Nagoya Protocol within in 5 minutes. It is meant to be screened as a curtain raiser at meetings, conferences and workshops.

Digital Sequence Information (DSI) & ABS

DSI - Simply Explained - Above is a short, animated video clip explaining the issue of digital sequence information (DSI) on genetic resources and illustrating its importance for the CBD’s three objectives. It explains the concept of DSI and describes how DSI is being generated, used and stored.

Points to consider when assessing policy options for DSI - Above is a short video on key outcomes elaborated at an informal global experts dialogue on DSI provided with a view to support the science-policy process on DSI.

Webinar series on Digital Sequence Information (DSI) on Genetic Resources and Policy

The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity offered a global webinar series and online discussion forum to share information related to DSI, in collaboration with the ABS Capacity Development Initiative. 

This series is informal and not part of the formal process.  It is organized by the co-chairs of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework with the support of the Secretariat to facilitate broader understanding and exchange of ideas among parties and stakeholders. 

This webinar series aims to foster a common understanding of DSI and its importance and linkages to:

  • the Convention, 
  • the Nagoya Protocol, and
  • the Sustainable Development Goals.

This webinar series is open to everyone interested in understanding how DSI is being addressed under the CBD, in preparation for the third meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.

Webinar 1: Understanding DSI - This webinar focused on the exchange of technical information regarding DSI. It did not serve as a platform for negotiations, or understanding different views or questions related to the scope of DSI or regulatory options.

Click on the link below for the French version of the webinar.

Webinar 2: DSI under the CBD - Process and recent outcomes related to DSI on genetic resources under the CBD.

Webinar 3: Policy Options for ABS and DSI - This webinar presented different policy options for access and benefit-sharing and DSI on genetic resources emerging from various studies and dialogues, being proposed by different actors and stakeholders.

Webinar 4: Reflection on the co-chairs panel - At CBD COP 14, Parties committed to working towards resolving their divergence of views regarding benefit- sharing from the use of DSI on genetic resources. To broaden and deepen the science- and policy-based process around this topic, the ABS Capacity Development Initiative has organized a reflection webinar on 24 March 2021 to discuss potential criteria for assessing DSI policy options, among other topics.

Click on the links below for the French and Spanish version of the webinar:

 

Technical Webinars on DSI

This series of webinars focuses on technical aspects of digital sequence information (DSI) and aims to support the science-policy process agreed at CBD CoP 14.

Click on the link below for the French recording of the webinar: 

Webinar 1: The Role of IPLCs and associated traditional knowledge in the DSI debate - The objective of this technical DSI webinar was to make everyone aware of how key DSI issues are relevant for and affect indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLCs) and traditional knowledge. The current science- and policy-based process on DSI under the CBD did not yet specifically address this important topic.

Click on the links below for the French recording of the webinar and the webinar report in English: 

Webinar 2: Assessing capacity development needs for the use of DSI - The general importance of developing additional technical, human and institutional capacity, especially in developing countries, to generate and use digital sequence information is widely acknowledged in the discussions around DSI. But what would this mean in practice? Who will provide it, who will receive it, who will pay for it? How does this relate to wider capacity development and technology transfer measures under the CBD and its Protocols? And what role can capacity development play in sharing the benefits arising from the use of DSI? All these questoins are addressed in the webinar recorded above. 

Click on the links below for the French recording of the webinar and the webinar report in English: 

Webinar 3: Contribution of DSI in the  development of commercial applications - One of the key topics in the international discussions around DSI is sharing the benefits of commercial utilization and products based on DSI. To increase common understanding the webinar looked at ways in which DSI is accessed and used for commercial purposes, discussed the intellectual property aspects of commercial DSI use, and examined potential benefit sharing options for specific examples of products using DSI.

Click on the link below for the French version of the webinar.

Monitoring system & ABS

This animated video clip explains the ABS Monitoring System as provided for by the Nagoya Protocol.

ABS Monitoring System - Videos in French, Spanish, Arabic

Webinar reports: ABS Monitoring and Compliance – Nagoya provisions, practical experiences and potential solutions

Conservation & ABS

This short video explores the relationship between biodiversity conservation and ABS, including how this relationship varies depending upon the nature of commercial use of genetic and biological resources.

Sustainable Development Goals & ABS

Miscellaneous

Implementing the Nagoya Protocol

ABS Implementation in the Pacific

ABS Regional Technical Cooperation - Webinar Series

First Pacific ABS Webinar

Second Pacific ABS Webinar

 

Third Pacific ABS Webinar

 

Fourth Pacific ABS Webinar

National Implementation

National Studies on ABS Implementation

In collaboration with the Governments of Brazil, India and South Africa, the ABS Initiative commissioned national studies to review each country’s experiences with ABS. Lessons learned from these experiences will inform the global implementation of the Protocol.

These studies provide background information in preparation for two dialogues organized respectively in India and South Africa. Based on these studies, comparative tables highlighting key elements of national ABS frameworks in each country were prepared.

International Dialogues on National Implementation

The first Dialogue on Practical Ways Forward for the Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol was hosted by the Government of South Africa on 30-31 January 2014 in Cape Town, South Africa and the second Dialogue on the same topic co-organized with the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India, from 4-6 August 2014 in Goa, India.

Both events served as successful international exchange platforms between representatives from a selection of countries.

The focus of the first dialogue was to learn from past experience with ABS implementation with a view to inform the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol.

The second dialogue dealt with key challenges and the instruments/approaches that are being considered by countries for the implementation of the Protocol, taking into account the lessons learned from past practice and obligations under the Nagoya Protocol.

The Nagoya CNA-Unit of the BfN organized an international exchange of information and experience, the “Vilm ABS Dialogue – Informing about Domestic Measures for Access to Genetic Resources” in 2017 and 2018 at the BfN-branch office on Vilm Island. The conferences gave an opportunity to identify and present best practices on available, clear and transparent access regulations with representatives of CNAs/National Focal Points (NFPs) of provider countries. The objective of the meetings was to allow users of genetic resources to be better informed by European CNAs regarding countries that have structured, clear, and transparent access measures in place.

Implementing the Nagoya Protocol and ITPGRFA

Primer-NFP-Mutually-Supportive-Implementation-of-ITPGRFA-and-NP.pdf, By Michael Halewood, Bioversity international, 2015 - The overall objective of this report is to provide national policy actors with a tool to increase their ability and confidence to implement the CBD/NP and ITPGRFA/MLS in mutually supportive ways. The report's content is partly based on the Tandem Workshop for National Focal Points from 3-6 June 2014. pdf (1 MB)
Primer-for-NFP-Mutually-Supportive-Implementation-of-ITPGRFA-and-NP-FR.pdf, By Michael Halewood, Bioversity international, 2015 - The overall objective of this report in French language is to provide national policy actors with a tool to increase their ability and confidence to implement the CBD/NP and ITPGRFA/MLS in mutually supportive ways. The report's content is partly based on the Tandem Workshop for National Focal Points from 3-6 June 2014. pdf (1 MB)
Scenarios-for-NFP-Mutually-Supportive-Implementation-of-ITPGRFA-and-NP-2017.pdf, These first seven scenarios were developed based on inputs from more than 60 people, including both national focal points for the ITPGRFA and the Nagoya Protocol from 20 countries and experts drawn from seed companies, farmer organizations, national and international gene banks, universities, etc. pdf (2 MB)
Scenarios-for-NFP-Mutually-Supportive-Implementation-of-ITPGRFA-and-NP-FR-2017.pdf, These first seven scenarios in French language were developed based on inputs from more than 60 people, including both national focal points for the ITPGRFA and the Nagoya Protocol from 20 countries and experts drawn from seed companies, farmer organizations, national and international gene banks, universities, etc. pdf (2 MB)
Report-Interface-between-Nagoya-Protocol-and-ITPGRFA-at-International-Level-FNI-2013.pdf, By Jorge Cabrera Medaglia, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Frederic Perron-Welch, Ane Jørem and Freedom-Kai Phillips, FNI Report 1/2013 This study clarifies overlaps and possible areas of different rules and identifies the core articles in the NP relevant to the implementation of the ITPGRFA. pdf (1 MB)

Involvement of IPLCs

Biocultural Community Protocols: Guides - Toolkits - Lessons Learnt

Biocultural Community Protocols (BCPs) are instruments that set out clear terms and conditions to governments and the private, research, and non-profit sectors for engaging with indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLCs) and accessing their local resources and knowledge. They are developed through culturally rooted, participatory decision-making processes within the communities and are based on communities’ customary norms, values, and laws. Here are a few resources produced by the ABS Initiative and its partners over the past years.

The ABS Picture Box - for community audiences

Natural Justice and the ABS Capacity Development Initiative introduce a new tool to be used to communicate the concept and process of ABS to community audiences. The ABS Picture Box is a series of images intended to explain what this concept is, outline the process of consent and ensure a fair and equitable outcome for those communities that may be entering such a process.

The tool can be used by individuals, non-governmental organisations, civil society groups, community-based organisations or others working with indigenous peoples and local communities across Africa. It is an interactive tool containing a series of pictures and an accompanying manual, which will help the person to broadly explain each aspect of ABS and the roles and opportunities of indigenous peoples and local communities in its implementation at country level.

The ABS Picture Box is specifically intended for communities that have been or will be involved in ABS in some way in the near future. The goal is to ensure that they are well-equipped and empowered to play a meaningful role in ABS implementation and ultimately to ensure fair and equitable benefit-sharing if their traditional knowledge and genetic resources are utilised.

ABS (briefly) explained

Access and benefit-sharing recognises that indigenous peoples and local communities are the custodians of their lands and natural resources. Their traditional knowledge and practices, which are embedded in their cultural heritage, play an important role in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, as do their customary laws and local governance structures.

Under the Nagoya Protocol on ABS, the utilisation of communities’ knowledge and biological / genetic resources can be governed under formal contracts, ABS Agreements, which benefit the community and ensure that their prior and informed consent is attained by those seeking to utilise their knowledge or resources. ABS can promote equity, fairness and the respect for customary and traditional knowledge.

Using the ABS Picture Box

Walking a path with a community towards the implementation of ABS legislation can be long and difficult. The first point of contact can be eased through the correct information-sharing on ABS, which these picture cards can facilitate.

We encourage anyone using the picture cards to print them out, together with the manual, to be used on site when interacting with the community. They are available in an A1 or A3 format in both English and French.

A training using these cards may take a few days. It is important to familiarise yourself with the contents ahead of time and ensure you are well versed in the ABS laws of the country in which the community resides.

Use of the ABS Picture Box is for the benefit of the communities. The ABS Picture Box shall not be sold, nor a profit derived from its use, except in relation to pre-determined facilitation fees.

Please note that the ABS Picture Box is still in its development phase. We are currently gathering first experiences and would be grateful for your feedback. If you have any comments or recommendations, please contact Natural Justice (info(at)naturaljustice.org) or the ABS Initiative (abs-initiative(at)giz.de).

 

Manual

 

A3 files for Picture Cards for printing

 

A1 files for Picture Cards (for printing)

Webinar series: Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities‘ involvement in ABS implementation

ABS Agreements

Manuals and Guides

Case-Studies-ABS-Best-Practice-Pacific.pdf, Four case studies from the Pacific were selected to demonstrate some of the attributes that would be expected of ‘best practice’ biological research (often broadly described as ‘biodiscovery’) and ABS agreements. pdf (2 MB)
Contract-Tool-ABS-I-2019.pdf, This ABS Contract Tool provides example clauses to make ABS work and is made mainly for situations where the user states that its objective is to conduct research without immediate commercial application. pdf (634 KB)
Guide-Intro-Drafting-Successful-ABS-Contracts-2016.pdf, This booklet provides an extremely brief summary of the main rules, issues and questions that the parties to an ABS transaction must be aware of when negotiating, drafting and implementing an ABS contract. pdf (301 KB)
Guide-Intro-Drafting-Successful-ABS-Contracts-French-2018.pdf, This booklet in French language provides an extremely brief summary of the main rules, issues and questions that the parties to an ABS transaction must be aware of when negotiating, drafting and implementing an ABS contract. pdf (324 KB)
Guide-IPR-in-ABS-agreements-WIPO-ABS-I-2018.pdf, The guide covers the conceptual and practical aspects of dealing with intellectual property (IP) in the context of ABS agreements. Its objective is to support providers and users of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge when managing IP issues in ABS agreements. pdf (2 MB)
Manual-How-Not-to-Negotiate-ABS-Agreements-FR-2018.pdf, Along real cases and different scenarios this French language manuel assists those negotiating ABS agreements. It seeks to be holistic, offering a hands-on approach to negotiating ABS agreements. pdf (303 KB)
Manual-How-Not-to-Negotiate-ABS-Agreements-2014.pdf, Along real cases and different scenarios, this manual assists those negotiating ABS agreements. It seeks to be holistic, offering a hands-on approach to negotiating ABS agreements. pdf (856 KB)
Study-Existing-ABS-Arrangements-CARICOM-2016.pdf, This report uses examples from Caribbean countries to explore for the use of biological material or research. pdf (362 KB)
The-ABS-Agreement-Key-Elements-and-Commentary-2014.pdf, This publication lays out what an effective ABS agreement should look like. What makes it so distinct and which elements should it contain? pdf (575 KB)

Industrial Sectors

Sector Briefs: Access and Benefit Sharing Key Points for Policy-Makers

This series of briefs on six different industrial sectors (agriculture, industrial biotechnology, botanicals, cosmetics, food & beverages, pharmaceuticals) provides governments, companies, researchers, communities and other ABS stakeholders with background information to assist with the development of ABS measures to implement the Nagoya Protocol. The briefs are organised around key points on trends and practices in markets, research and development - indirectly and directly related to ABS. With many graphics illustrating important facts, figures and contexts the briefs are easy to understand. They were co-produced by the ABS Initiative, People and Plants International and the University of Cape Town.

Strategic communication

Strategic Communication - Guide

This Guide offers advice about the role, relevance and use of communication for implementing ABS systems at the national level. It provides an overview of communication considerations, approaches and methods for the different phases of ABS implementation.

Patent systems

ABS Cases

Interactive Graphics and Posters of ABS Cases

Through concrete examples, these interactive infographics and posters will help you to comprehend the context to which ABS is relevant. You can track the course of (potential) ABS cases, understand the opportunities provided by the Nagoya Protocol. A particular focus is on the relations between users and providers of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, and other stakeholders.

Interactive graphics on ABS cases (2020)

The Rooibos case (South Africa)

The Clanwilliam Cedar case (South Africa)

The Dandelion case (Kazakhstan)

Posters on ABS cases (2015)

The Salinispora tropica case (The Bahamas) - The CIMTECH case (Cook Islands) - The Eragrostis tef case (Ethiopia)

The Salinispora tropica case (The Bahamas) - The CIMTECH case (Cook Islands) - The Eragrostis tef case (Ethiopia) - French

Echinops ABS Agreement